Scientific Production

Post activation potentiation in propulsive force after specific swimming strength training

Post-activation potentiation (PAP) is a short-term increase in force that occurs immediately after performing a high-intensity activity. Although it has been largely studied in dry-land conditions, there are only few studies that have evaluated it in swimming. Results: none of the parameters we analyzed improved after the proposed training set, possibly due to the short interval we used. However, we have identified something very interesting: the athletes with the highest level of strength are those who tend to experience the occurrence of PAP. So, to know if it can work, we first have to know the level of strength of the athlete.

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Effect of hand paddles and parachute on the index of coordination of competitive crawl strokers

In swimming, paddles and parachutes are commonly used to increase specific propulsive force. But do these implements influence the way the athletes coordinate front-crawl swimming? This was the main question of this study! We concluded that athletes tend to increase propulsive continuity whenever an implement is used. For those who have front-crawl as main stroke and are specialist in sprint races this is very interesting information and may have important implications for physical and technical training.

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Effect of hand paddles and parachute on butterfly coordination

But what about in the butterfly? Do paddles and parachute influence swimming coordination? We repeated the front-crawl study, but now testing butterfly experts. We concluded that the paddles don’t change a lot, but it is definitely not true for parachute, nor when paddles and parachutes are used together…

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A correlational analysis of tethered swiming swim sprint performance and dry land power assessments

What exercises do you should use in dry-land strength training ? To know a little more about this issue, we tested the relationship among in-water propulsive force, dry-land strength and power abilities and swimming performance in 50, 100 and 200m freestyle. Lower limbs’ strength and power is related to in-water force and swimming performance (50m). Why is that?

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Acute responses of biomechanical parameters to different sizes of hand paddles in front crawl stroke

In dry-land strength training we commonly use different loads to achieve different goals, right? To know if it is the same in water, we compared 4 paddle sizes with free swimming and we verified that both propulsive force and swimming speed increased considerably from the medium size onward. In addition, the larger the size the greater the effects. We can help you to improve the use of different implement sizes within the training program. Let us know!

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Effect of different hand paddle sizes on bilateral propulsive force difference in the front crawl swimming

Athlete, are you athlete able to generate the same force in both arms while swimming crawl? Although it is essential to swim faster, differences in strength can be detected even in the fastest athletes in the world. We investigated whether the use of different sizes of palmar can attenuate these differences. In the end, we know that this is possible, but to have the right effect the right size should be individually chosen. And what would be the right size for you? Test, learn and improve!

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The use of hand paddles and fins in front crawl: biomechanical and physiological responses

Did you know that paddles can change the length, frequency and duration of the stroke phases? And that the fins can change kick and stroke frequency, kick depth and also the energetic cost? In short: this affects your technique.

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Body composition responses to the strength training and its relationship with performance of competitive swimmers

Once you start your dry-land strength training, some  changes may occur in your body dimensions. If you get to strong (large muscles), water performance may be impaired by increased resistance. Question: does strength training change body composition? According to our data, the answer is no! Not that that much… Want to know more how to optimize strength training in and out of the water, contact us!

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Effect of strength training on muscular strength-aerobic performance relationship for competitive swimmers

Did you know that your strength level can influence your aerobic capacity? In this study we investigated whether the modification of dry-land strength would be related to changes of in-water aerobic capacity. No relationship found! What to do then? Questions are there to be answered and our team is always ready. Let us know!

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Effects of strength training on swimming performance

Does the dry-land strength training work? Its transference to swimming performance seems to be limited… But what about this transference, how should it be like?

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